Why the need to conserve water?
Most water (97%) is in the oceans, which cover 71% of the Earth’s surface. Three per cent is freshwater, two-thirds of which is tied up as ice in glaciers and at the poles. This leaves approximately 1% as freshwater in rivers, lakes, the atmosphere and in groundwater.
However, with demand rising rapidly due to a growing global population with expectations of higher living standards and resource-intensive farming, that 1% is under threat. Climate change is adding to the problem because our weather patterns have become less predictable and more pronounced. While a number of areas are experiencing periods of prolonged drought, the rain that falls in some other areas is heavier. This leads to flooding without sufficiently replenishing groundwater stocks.
Water is essential to the hotel and tourism industry — for food preparation, cleaning and hygiene, guest comfort an\d recreation. Hotels also depend upon their supply industries, such as agriculture and the food and drink industries, none of which would function without sufficient water.
Hotels have a duty not to use more water than is absolutely necessary. It makes commercial sense too, with water accounting for 10% of utility bills in many hotels. In fact, most hotels pay for the water they consume twice — for its initial purchase and then to dispose of it as wastewater. Depending on how water efficient they are in the first place, hotels can reduce the amount of water consumed per guest per night by up to 50% compared with establishments with poor performance in water consumption.
Read more at Green Hotelier!